Everyone has heard of and even seen hair transplant horror stories, maybe in a magazine, online or even worse seen the most obvious ‘plugs’ in a elderly friend or relative. However hair transplant surgery has jumped leaps and bound recently to make it a viable, safe and not too risky option for those suffering with male pattern baldness, many celebrities such as for example Nicholas Cage, Brendan Fraser Mather MOcanhey, Dwayne Johnson (‘the Rock’,WWE) Salman Khan (Bollywood) and also Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi are believed to experienced hair transplantation surgery, although such is the stigma attached that none of them have admitted to it publicly, it only becomes obvious when studying before and after pictures.
History of Hair Transplant
The origins of hair transplant surgery stem from Japanese dermatologist, Dr. Okuda, who in 1939 published a revolutionary method in a Japanese medical journal of using small grafts that were like the way hair transplantation is conducted today. This technique involved using hair transplant grafts to correct lost hair from various body areas, including the scalp, eyebrow, and moustache areas.
In the late 50’s one physician in particular, Dr. Norman Orentreich, started to experiment with the idea of relocating or transplanting the hair on the trunk and sides of the top to the balding areas. Dr. Orentreich’s experiments showed that when bald resistant hairs from the trunk and sides of the head were relocated, they maintained their bald resistant genetic characteristic regardless of where they were transplanted.
This principle, referred to as “Donor Dominance”, established that hair could be transplanted from the bald resistant donor areas to the balding areas and continue to grow for a life. This laid the foundation for modern hair transplantation. Through the 60’s and 70’s hair transplants grew in popularity. However, the typical of care involved the utilization of larger grafts that were removed by round punches and frequently contained many hairs.
In the 80’s hair restoration surgery evolved dramatically, as the large punch grafts were gradually replaced with a more refined mix of mini and micrografts. This “combination mini micrografting” hair transplantation procedure no more used the punch to extract the bald resistant grafts. Rather a strip of bald resistant hair was surgically removed from the back of the top and trimmed into mini and micrografts.
Forms of Hair Transplant
You can find two main methods of Follicular unit hair transplant surgery. Follicular unit Transplant commonly known as FUT or ‘strip surgery’ and Follicular unit extraction, often called FUE The primary difference is the approach to extracting the transplanted hair. FUT and FUE are actually complimentary types of HT, not competing ways of which one must make a choice.
FUT versus FUE
The 90’s saw the gradual introduction of a very refined medical procedure now known as “follicular unit hair transplantation” or “FUT”. This exacting and labour intensive procedure transplants hairs in their naturally occurring one, two, three, and four hair “follicular unit groupings” in which they grow naturally.
The idea of creating the entire hair restoration using exclusively follicular units was proposed by Dr. Robert Bernstein and was described in the 1995 Bernstein and Rassman publication “Follicular Transplantation”. Critical to the success of the follicular unit hair transplant procedure was the introduction of the binocular microscope by Dr. Bobby Limmer of San Antonio Texas in the late 1980’s.
Dr. Limmer found that by using the microscope to look at the donor tissue he and his staff could actually successfully isolate and trim the naturally occurring follicular units into individual grafts. Dr. Limmer shared his techniques and findings with his colleagues and as well as Drs. Bernstein, Rassman and Seager, was a persuasive advocate for the follicular unit hair.
The procedure involving follicular hair transplants is considered to be the very best among hair restoration methods. In follicular hair transplant, the surgeon transplants hair from the permanent zone in the back of the scalp onto the affected areas.
clinique capillaire If you need a large area covered, you then most likely desire to go for FUT because it is the more economical in terms of amount of grafts for price paid. If you absolutely, positively don’t want strip surgery as you are worried about scarring, then FUE is your only alternative. Contrary to public opinion, both methods leave scars. FUT will leave a narrow line over the back of your head, whereas FUE will leave little unpigmented dots across the back of one’s head. The only real difference is that the FUE scars are not concentrated together and for that reason harder to detect when wearing hair very short.
There is no doubt that FUE procedures are harsher on the grafts than FUT procedures. For this reason the ultimate growth yields are generally lower for FUE compared to FUT. But BOTH procedures work with the most part.